India celebrates Republic day on 26th January annually with a lot of pride and fervour. It is a day that is important to every Indian citizen. It marks the day when India became truly independent and embraced democracy.
In other words, it celebrates the day on which our cconstitution came in to effect.
On 26 January 1950, almost 3 years post-independence, we became a sovereign, secular, democratic Republic.
History of Republic Day
While we got independence from British rule on August 15, 1947, our country was still lacking a concrete Constitution.
Moreover, India also did not have any experts and political powers which would help in the functioning of state affairs smoothly.
Up until then, 1935 Government of India Act was basically modified in order to govern, however that act was more bent towards the conical rule.
Therefore, there was a dire need to form an exclusive Constitution that would reflect all that stands for.
Thus, Dr BR Ambedkar led a constitutional drafting committee on August 28,1947. After drafting, it was presented to the constituent assembly by the same committee on November 4, 1947.
This whole procedure was very elaborate and took up to 166 days to complete. Moreover, the committee organised sessions were kept open to the public.
No matter the challenges and hardships, our constitutional committee left no stone unturned to include rights for all. It aimed to create the perfect balance, so all citizen of the country could enjoy equal rights of their religious, culture, caste, sex, creed and more. As of last, they presented the official Indian Constitution to the country on January 26, 1950.
Moreover, the first session of the Indian Parliament was also conducted on this day. In addition to that 26 January also witnessed the swearing-in of India’s first president Dr Rajendra Prasad. Thus, this day is very important as it marks the end of the British rule and Birth of India as a Republic State.
This Essay was written by Mahreen Sultana– a Grade 10th Student of Unique High School, Old Malakpet, Hyderabad.